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Security

Securing connections with TLS

It is possible to encrypt connections between FerretDB and clients by using TLS. All you need to do is to start the server with the following flags or environment variables:

  • --listen-tls / FERRETDB_LISTEN_TLS specifies the TCP hostname and port that will be used for listening for incoming TLS connections. If empty, TLS listener is disabled;
  • --listen-tls-cert-file / FERRETDB_LISTEN_TLS_CERT_FILE specifies the PEM encoded, TLS certificate file that will be presented to clients;
  • --listen-tls-key-file / FERRETDB_LISTEN_TLS_KEY_FILE specifies the TLS private key file that will be used to decrypt communications;
  • --listen-tls-ca-file / FERRETDB_LISTEN_TLS_CA_FILE specifies the root CA certificate file that will be used to verify client certificates.

Then use tls query parameters in MongoDB URI for the client. You may also need to set tlsCAFile parameter if the system-wide certificate authority did not issue the server's certificate. See documentation for your client or driver for more details. Example: mongodb://ferretdb:27018/?tls=true&tlsCAFile=companyRootCA.pem.

Authentication

FerretDB does not store authentication information (usernames and passwords) itself but uses the backend's authentication mechanisms. The default username and password can be specified in FerretDB's connection string, but the client could use a different user by providing a username and password in MongoDB URI. For example, if the server was started with postgres://user1:pass1@postgres:5432/ferretdb, anonymous clients will be authenticated as user1, but clients that use mongodb://user2:pass2@ferretdb:27018/?tls=true&authMechanism=PLAIN MongoDB URI will be authenticated as user2. Since usernames and passwords are transferred in plain text, the use of TLS is highly recommended.